CNN recently reported that, among full-time workers, women earn about 78 cents to a man’s dollar, according to the latest numbers from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This gap is more pronounced for black women (64 cents) and Latinas (56 cents) compared to every dollar earned by a white man. One of the most surprising findings for me is that this gender pay gap persists, even in female-dominated professions like teaching and nursing. For example, women hold 70 percent of elementary and middle school teaching jobs, yet men still earn more for the same role. The CNN report goes on to explain that “male teachers earn a median of $1,096 a week, whereas women earn $956—about 87 cents to the man’s dollar.” The most shocking news about the gap for me, reported in the New York Times by Catherine Saint Louis, is that the pay gap for nurses did not narrow from 1988 to 2013—twenty-five years! I was surprised that any gender pay gap exists for nurses considering that between 90 percent and 93 percent of nurses are women. I thought that surely this was one profession where there would not be a gap. But this is not the case. Here are some facts from a study of 290,000 registered nurses:
- Overall, male nurses make $5,100 more on average per year than female colleagues in similar positions.
- Male cardiology nurses are paid on average $6,000 more per year.
- Male chronic care nurses make roughly $3,800 more than women.
- Male nurse anesthetists are paid $17,290 more per year on average.
- Men may be better negotiators.
- Women may have a tougher time getting promoted.
- Only about 20 percent of nurses who work in hospitals are unionized, which may be a factor.
- A lingering bias may persist that a man is more of an expert because he is a man.