New studies on women in physics and medicine find continuing disparities in pay and promotions. Audrey Williams June, writing for the Chronicle of Higher Education, reports the results of a new study by the Statistical Research Center at the American Institute of Physics showing a gender pay gap of 6 percent for female faculty members in physics. The study also found that men are overrepresented in senior faculty roles and that women receive fewer grants for research and lab space. For women in medicine, the issues can be severe. Dhruv Khullar of the New York Times reports that female physicians
- are more than twice as likely to commit suicide as the general population;
- earn significantly less than male colleagues
- are less likely to advance to professorships; and
- account for only one-sixth of medical school deans.
- In households where both spouses are doctors, women with children work eleven hours less per week, while there is no difference in the hours worked by men with children. This statistic reflects the greater responsibility that women doctors carry for family care that their spouses do not share equitably.
- Female physicians are more likely to divorce than male physicians.
- For female physicians, getting patients and other doctors to show them respect by calling them “doctor” is a battle. Women physicians are assumed to be either physician assistants or nurses by both patients and other doctors and are often introduced by their first names in professional settings instead of by their professional title of “doctor.”
- The gender pay gap for female physicians is significant and was detailed in an earlier article.
- A recent study at Harvard found that gender bias affects referrals to female surgeons from other physicians.